• Infection Control Manual
  • Infectious diseases contribute 40% of total burden of disease in Pakistan. Infections acquired in Health Care settings in the country are one of the important components of overall problem. Proper infection control practices at health care facilities not only prevent infections among health care workers, and patients but also contribute enormously in reducing infection in the community.

    Bridge” in collaboration with “Infection Control Society of Pakistan”, “Infectious Dieses society of Pakistan” and AIDS International Training Research Program, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA, organized a workshop to develop guideline for infection control at healthcare facilities according to local conditions and recourse constraints.

    Participants of workshop came form all four provinces of the country which included, Policy makers, Hospital Administrators, Microbiologists, Public Health Specialists, Physicians and Surgeons. Dr Kingsley C Sathia Kumar came from University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA to facilitate the workshop. The workshop was inaugurated by Lt. Gen (R) Professor K.A. Karamat, Executive Director National Institute of Health (NIH) Islamabad. The concluding session was provided by Justice (R) Abdul Razaq Thaheem, Federal Minister Local Government.

    Based on the recommendation of that workshop as well as on the guidelines of center for Disease Control (CDC), International Federation of Infection Control (IFIC) and APIC an” Infection Control Manual” has been developed.

    The main purpose of this Manual is to provide assistance in developing and implementing infection control program at health care facilities (Public Private) and to provide recommendations for Infection Control.

    • Editorial Board Includes:

    Dr. Sharaf Ali Shah
    Dr. M. Rafiq Khanani
    Dr. Mughis u ddin Ahmed
    Dr. Khursheed Hashmi
    Dr. Afia Zafar

    The entire manual is divided into different clearly defined sections, each section dealing with a particular aspect of Infection Control. The manual starts of with a glossary of some of the more frequently used terms in the field of infection control and their brief explanation.

    The first chapter introduces the reader to some basic concepts of Infection Control and a discussion of Infectious disease transmission cycle, while the second chapter discuss the different aspects of setting up an infection control program. Different techniques and methodologies of disposal of hospital waste are explained in the third chapter whereas the in the fourth and fifth chapter healthcare worker are introduced to different precautionary and protective measures, including screening and immunization.

    Risk Assessment and risk management procedures are discussed in the sixth chapter along with guidelines and recommendation for post exposure prophylaxis against the common blood borne infections and summary of the suggested work restrictions for health care worker exposed to or infected with infectious diseases. Chapter seven deal with the setting up of isolation facilities and practical issues and their solutions. The next chapter deal with the control of Nosocomial infection in a hospital environment while the remaining part of the manual describes various methods of maintaining an infection free environment at a health care facilities like specific infection control procedures, sterilization of contaminated instruments, Attendant, visitors policy etc. in the end manual emphasizes the need for continued education and training of all health care providers.

    This entire is written brings most current information to the healthcare workers of all Levels in a concise, simple yet comprehensive manner. The entire text is so written that it is equally easy to understand for a qualified doctor as well as basic paramedic. Suitable diagrams and illustrations thus making it more realistic and easy to understand accompany the entire text. Further it makes extensive use of charts and tables making for easy explanation of otherwise detailed procedures like Disinfection and sterilization. Another important feature of this manual is that while introducing latest techniques and procedures in infection control, it does not loose sight of the practical constraints of our society and tries to suggest practical solutions within these constraints.

    This manual is an important publication in the field of healthcare in Pakistan as it serves to fill an important void in the available literature on the Infection control It would not only be a ready reference for health workers dealing with practical issues of infection control but also enhance the awareness level of the general public regarding this vital health issue.


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